The TOEFL is an internationally recognized Test Of English as a Foreign Language. It is a long test that usually requires several months of study and preparation
You are going to study in a foreign country. Maybe you will work for an international company.
The first step towards success is understanding what it will ask you to do:
Each section has a maximum score of 30, so the maximum TOEFL score overall is 120. This means that 120 is a perfect score.
The TOEFL is a test that you will take all in one day. It is four and a half hours long with one short break in the middle, between the Listening and Speaking sections. Here are a few more details that you should know about taking the test.
The 4 Major Sections of the TOEFL
The Reading section (60-100 minutes long) assesses your ability to understand and analyze written texts on topics like science and academic discussions.
The Listening section (60-90 minutes long) makes sure you can understand information given to you orally—for example, when you listen to a lecture or speak to a professor at university. This section has four to six lectures and questions that test your understanding of the content, as well as your understanding of the motivations and emotions of speakers.
The Speaking section (20 minutes) consists of six tasks that you complete by talking into a microphone during the test. It is meant to measure how well you can express your thoughts and ideas in English.
And finally, the Writing section (50 minutes) is all about demonstrating how you can use your English in writing. Here, you will apply your knowledge of grammar and vocabulary and form clear sentences and paragraphs.
What Is the TOEFL Reading Section Like?
Each text will be followed by 12-14 questions. These questions may ask you to do one of the following tasks:
define a word (testing your vocabulary)
identify an idea or argument (testing your understanding)
find a false statement (testing overall comprehension)
You will have from 60 to 100 minutes to complete this section depending on the number of passages and accompanying questions.
What Is the TOEFL Listening Section Like?
During Listening, you will be working with two different types of audio:
recordings of lectures
recordings of conversations
You should expect to listen to four to six lectures that deal with academic topics. Conversations are more casual, so there are usually only two to three of these.
What Is the TOEFL Speaking Section Like?
This is the newest addition to TOEFL. Can you imagine that only a few years ago test-takers did not have to go through it?
You will be given six Speaking tasks in total. Two of them will ask you to express an opinion on an everyday topic. This is the Independent Speaking section. For the Independent Speaking section, all you will hear is a question. You will not need to listen to a long recording or read any long passages.
The four remaining tasks will require you to discuss something that you read and hear. This is the Integrated Speaking section. For Integrated Speaking, you will read a short passage or hear an audio recording followed by a question. You will have up to 30 seconds to prepare a response and up to one minute to record it by speaking into a microphone.
What Is the TOEFL Writing Section Like?
All your English skills come together in the last section of TOEFL. This last section is the Writing section. It is the section that judges your writing ability, grammar knowledge and vocabulary usage.
Writing consists of only two tasks:
one Integrated Writing task and
one Independent Writing task.
TOEFL is a hard test, there is no doubt about it. But you can succeed.
You should register for it well in advance, giving yourself at least three or four months to study and prepare well for it.
You only need to learn about the format of the TOEFL once. Once you get it, you will be able to make up your own study schedule, focus on areas of your English to improve and ultimately increase your chances of success on TOEFL.